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31组高频动词短语

丹秋名师堂谢姣 2019年04月17日 初中英语 13088 阅读 1

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1.act

act as 担任职务 作用

act out 表演(对话、故事等)

act for 代理(某人职务);代为(处理某事)

act up

 

2.break

break away form 脱离

break down 破坏;粉碎;瓦解;出故障;抛锚

break in 闯进,打断;使顺服;插嘴(不及物)

break into 闯入;强行进入(及物,后加进入的地点);突然开始

break out (战争,疾病,火灾等)爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

break off 打断,中断

break the law  违反纪律)

break the record 破纪录)

break one’s promise 失言)

break through 冲破

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

 

3.bring

bring  about 引起,实现,导致

(bring (a)round 使改变观点或看法;使苏醒;顺便把某人带来串门)

bring  back 送还;使想起,使恢复

bring  down击落;打死,打伤;使倒下;降低

(bring  forth 产生,引起,结果)

bring  in 收获;获利;介绍,引进;聘请;逮捕

bring  off 从船上救出;成功地做

bring  on 促使生长;帮助提高

bring  out 取出,拿出;显示出,使出来;出版

bring  over 说服,使改变(思想))

bring  through 使度过(困难,危机等))

bring  together使和解)

bring   up 提出,提起;抚养,培养;

 

4.call

call at a place)访问某地

call  in 叫某人进来,邀请

call back回电话

call for请求,为喊出,(接)找某人

call onupon 号召,拜访

call out 大声叫

call up打电话给……;召集,回忆起

 

5.catch

be caught doing  被发现做某事

be caught in the rain淋雨

catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车

catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one’s word听懂某人的话

catch sight of 发现,瞥见

catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

 

6.carry

carry out 贯彻,落实(计划,命令……

carry off 夺走 =carry away

carry on 继续,坚持下去

carry through 完成,渡过难关

 

7.come

come about 产生,发生

come across“偶遇

come along 一道菜,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

come back回来;恢复,复原

come down 倒下;降落;跌倒;病倒

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

(come into being发生,产生,出现,形成)

(come into use开始使用,获得应用)

come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提到

come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

(come to an end终止,结束)

(come to know开始了解到)

(come true)实现,成为现实;证实

come up长出,发芽;升起;(被)提出

8.cut

cut down砍倒,减少

cut in 插嘴

cut off 切除,断绝

cut out 删去,略去,戒除

cut up 切碎

 

9.die

die away消失

die down 逐渐平息

die of 死于(外因)比如车祸

die form 死于(内因)比如心脏病

die out 绝种

 

10.do

be done in 精疲力竭

be done with 完全结束

do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to=do sb. good)有益于

do harm to=(do sb. good) 有害于

do its work 有效,有作用

do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错

do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

do one’s homework 做作业

do one’s utmost尽力而为

do proud 足以使~~骄傲

do sb. justice 公平对待某人

do some cleaning(V+ ing ,  etc.) 搞卫生

do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮

do with ~~相处,忍受,处理

do without 不需要,不用

do wonders 创造奇迹

have much to do with ~~很有关系

have nothing to do with ~~无关

have something to do with ~~有关

in doing so=in so doing  这时,在这种情况下

 

11.get

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;(消息)流传

(get accustomed to习惯于,对~~习以为常)

get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead of 胜过,超过

get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with ~~相处

get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击

get away离开,逃脱

get back取回,回来;报复

get behind 落后;识破

get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁

get down to 认真对待,静下心来

(get familiar with熟悉)

get in 进入,陷入;牵涉

get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身

get on上车;穿上;

get on with 进展;相处

get out of ~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over越过;回复;痊愈;克服;完成

(get ready for~~做准备)

(get rid of除去,去掉;免除,摆脱)

get through 到达,完成,通过;及格

get together积累,积聚;商谈,取得一切意见

get up起床,起立;研究;致力于;安排,组织

(get used to习惯于)

 

12.give

be give to 沉溺于,癖好

give about 分配;传播

give away赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back 归还

(give cause 给予~~的理由)

(give ear to侧耳亲听)

(give forth 发出,放出;发表)

give in 屈服,让步,投降

give in to同意,接受;向~!让步

give off发出(烟,气味)

give out 分发,公布

(give place to让位于,被~~所替代)

(give rise to引起,导致;使~~发生)

give up 放弃;停止

give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

 

13.go

go after 追求,设法得到

go   about 着手处理,忙于

go away  走开,离开

go against违反,反对

go  ahead 进行,进展,干吧,说吧,先走(用于回答别人的请求比如我能开窗户吗?

go  alone 开始,进展,赞同

go around 流传,四处走动

go bad(食物等)变坏,坏掉)

go by 走过,经过

go for去请……,努力获取

go in for从事(某种事业或活动),喜爱,参加

go on发生,继续

go off走开,离开,去世

go out(灯)熄灭,过时

go over审阅,检查,研究

go through 审阅,检查,学习,练习,经历,经过

go up  上涨,上升

go wrong出毛病

go into调查,研究,加入

 

14.hand

hand down 留住,把……传下去

hand in交上,交付

hand in hand手拉手,联合,和……一起

hand out分发,施舍

hand over移交

(by hand用手工)

(at hand在手头,即将到来)

 

15.hold

hold…back 阻止(经常是眼泪)

hold on 等一等(电话用语)

hold out 伸出

hold up举起,阻挡,停顿

 

16.keep

keep away form 避开,不接近

(keep a record做记录)

keep back阻止,隐瞒不讲,留下

keep off使不接近

keep on (doing sth.)继续(反复)做某事)

keep…out of… 使……不进入,挡住

keep up坚持,不使(斗志)低落,保持,维持,继续

keep up with 跟上

(keep in touch with ……联系)

(keep fit保持健康)

17.look

look about 四下环顾;查看

look after 照顾,看管

look around 东张西望

look at 注视,着眼于

look back 回顾

look for 寻找;期待,期望

look down on俯视;轻视

look forward on期望,期待

look into 窥视;调查;浏览

look like 看起来像

look on 旁观;面向

look over 向外看;注意;当心;堤防

look through 从上面看过去;检查

look up to 透过去~~看去;看穿;浏览仰望,尊敬

 

18.make

be made from ~~原料制成

be made of ~~材料制成

be made up of~~组成

(make a fool of愚弄,欺骗)

(make a mistake弄错)

(make advantages/use of使用,利用)

make after追求,追赶

make into ~~制成,使~~转变为

(make oneself at home 随便,别拘束)

make out理解;辨认出;填写;开支票(+that:声称,假称)

(make the best of尽量利用;极为重视=make full use of)

make off匆匆离开

make up弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化妆

make up for弥补

make way for~~让路,让路于

 

19.pass

pass away 去世,死(委婉说法)

pass by 通过,从旁边经过

pass down传下来,流传,使世代相传,一代一代传下去

pass on(to sb)装交给(某人),传给(某人)

pass out失去知觉,昏厥

pass through 穿过,越过

(pass the examination通过考试)

 

20.pull

pull down 拆毁

pull in 车停下,车进站

pull off完成,扯下

pull out 拔出,抽出,车、船驶出,摆脱困境

pull oneself up立起身来

pull through渡过难关,恢复健康

 

21.put

put aside ~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away ~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉

put back~~放回原处;驳回

put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward 提出;拨快;建议;推荐;提倡,倡议

put~~ into~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on上演;穿上,带上

(put one’s heart into全神贯注,专心致志)

put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

put up with 忍受,容忍

put through 电话接通

 

22.run

in the long run 终究,到最后)

run across 偶遇

run after 追捕,追求

run against 违反。不利于

run away 逃跑,花掉

run into 偶遇,撞上,跑进,插进

run off 逃走,流畅地写

run out 用完(主语是被用的那个物)

run out of 用完(主语是用东西的那个人)

 

23.see

see about 负责处理(弄到、安排)

see after=look after 照顾

see through 看穿,识破

see too 注意,照料,负责,修理

 

24.send

send away ……打发走

send for 派人去请(医生什么的)

send out  派遣,发出(光亮等)

send up 发射(火箭等)

send off 寄出,派遣;给……送行,邮寄

 

25.set

set about着手于

set aside存蓄,留出

set down  放下

set in设置(小说戏剧等)背景于……

set forth陈述,提出

set off动身出发,引起

set out出发(to do)

set up创立

 

26.show

show…in… ……进来

show off 炫耀

show up 暴露,露面

27.stand

stand by ……一起,坚持、支持

stand for代表

stand up起立,(观点等)站得住脚

stand out显眼,引人注目

 

28.take

take away 拿走,减去;夺取,消除

take after 长得像,性格来自于

take back 取回,带回,归还,取消,撤回

take down拿下,取下;拆毁,拆卸;记下

take in 吸收,吸取,摄取;包括;收容;理解,领悟;受骗

take it easy放轻松,慢慢来

take off 飞机起飞;匆匆离开;脱去,拿去,取消

take on承担;从事;呈现;具有

take out拿出,取出,拔去

take over继承,接管,最终取代

take up开始从事,着手处理;拿起;占据;消耗;接纳

(take a seat就坐)

take a shower淋浴,洗澡)

(take care of 当心,注意;照顾;堤防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责)

take ~~for~~当做

(take one’s place就坐,入座)

(take one’s temperature量体温)

(take part in参与,参加)

(take place=happen发生,举行)

(take the place of代替)

 

29.throw

throw about 乱扔(东西)

throw at 投向

throw away 抛弃;浪费

throw off扔掉,摆脱掉;匆匆脱掉衣服

throw up 举起,抛出;吐出,

 

30.turn

turn on打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn off关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产

turn up 出现,露面;音量调高;寻找,查阅,参考

turn down 音量调小;折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

turn upside down颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

turn into变成,变为;翻译成

turn out培养,生产;证明是;制成;实际情况是

turn out to be原来是,证明是,结果是

turn to变成;着手于,求助于

turn to ~~for help求助于

(in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事)

turn (a) round使变好;旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

turn over翻身

(take one’s turn to do 轮到做 )

(take turns 轮流)

(turn a blind eye to……视而不见 )

 

31.work

work at(on) 致力于,从事于

work out算出,制定出,想出

(at work在工作,在运转)

(out of work失业)

 


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