I have already posted the photo. 我已经邮寄出了照片。
与此种用法连用的时间状语时一些模糊的过去时间状语，如already（肯定句句中）, yet（否定句/疑问句句尾）, just, before, recently,still, lately,never等。
He has lived here since 1978. 自从1978年以来，他一直住在这儿。(动作起始于1978年，一直住到现在，可能还要继续住下去。)
go out----be out finish----be over open----be open die----be dead
buy---have fall ill---be ill come back----be back catch a cold----have a cold
His father_____the party since 1978
A.joind B.has joined C.was in D.has been in
I saw the film yesterday evening.I have seen the film before.（看电影这件事都是在过去完成的。）
②一般过去时通常与具体明确的过去时间状语连用。如yesterday, last week , two years ago，just now，in 2002 等；而现在完成时则常与 just ,already ,ever ,never 等模糊的过去时间状语和 these days ,this week ,since..., for... 等表示一段时间的状语连用。
—______ you your homework yet ?—Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .
A.Did ; do ; finished B.Have ; done ; finished C.Have ; done ; have finished
解析：本题考查一般过去时和现在完成时的用法区别。问句中的yet表明应该用现在完成时，而回答中的a moment ago 是一个明确的过去时间状语，应该用一般过去时。
① 一般情况下，在词尾直接加“ ed ”。
② 以“ e ”结尾的动词，只在词尾加“ d ”。
③ 以“辅音字母 + y ”结尾的动词，将 "y" 变为 "i" ，再加“ ed ”。
④ 重读闭音节结尾，末尾只有一个辅音字母，先双写该辅音字母，再加“ ed ”。
【典型考例1】（2019江苏南通）----Is everyone here, Jonathan?
----No. Sir. Millie is absent. She for two days.
A.has fallen ill B. has been ill C. fell ill D. was ill
【典型考例2】（2019广西玉林）---Jenny, your new tape player looks great.
----Oh, it’s not new. I _____ it for three years.
A.buy B.have had C.bought D.have bought
1.（2019四川广安） I haven’t ________ (收到…来信) from Sally before.
2.（2019浙江杭州）.I’m very hungry . I haven’t e_______ anything since 7:00 this morning
3.（2019广西北部湾经济开发区） Bob and Jim have been good friends_______(自从)they joined the same tennis team.
1.（2019山东青岛）The writer is so popular that he _______(sell) more than 200,000 books so far.
2.（2019江苏连云港）---I____ (have a fever)since last night. ---You’d better go to see a doctor.
3.（2019江苏泰州）So far, the couple ___________ (not change) their flat since they had a second child.
4.（2019甘肃兰州）Jim has never ________(be) to Mount Tai in China.
5.（2019贵州安顺） Sandy borrowed the novel from the library last week and ________(keep) it for 5 days.
6.（2019湖北鄂州）Cathy and Linda ( not be) back to their hometown for two years.
7.（2019江苏南通）----Can you go walking in the park with me, Daisy?----Sure. I (finish)my DIY project.
1.（2019山东临沂） Melting ice (融冰) can cause sea levels to rise. Since 1993, sea levels _________at a speed of 3.2 cm every 10 years.
A. rose B. have risen C. rise
2.（2019安徽）—It's ten years since we came here
—How time flies! We ____ in China for so long.
A. work B. worked C. will work D. have worked
3.（2019江苏泰州）---Have you ever been to Shanghai?
---Of course. Actually, I _________there for six years but now I live in Taizhou.
A. worked B. was working C. would work D. have worked
4.（2019湖北武汉）. I ate some fruit, which I ______ since I was a child, and the vegetables from my garden.
A. have enjoyed B. enjoyed C. enjoy D.had enjoyed
5.（2019湖南郴州）---- Where is Mr. Green?
---- He the bookshop. You have to wait for him.
A. was going to B. has gone to C. has been to
6.（2019广东） My father ____ in a panda protection center for 10 years, so he knows a lot about panda.
A. was working B. is working C. has worked D. will work
7.（2019湖北襄阳）.---- Why won’t we play basketball with Class 4 this afternoon?
---Because they Longzhong for a study trip.
A. have gone to B. have been to C. had gone to D. had been to
8.（2019湖北随州）—Your new bike is so nice! When did you buy it?
—In July. I _____it for two weeks.
A.had B. have had C. have bought D. bought
9.（2019江苏淮安） ---Where are the teachers now?
--- In the meeting room. They _________ the meeting for 10 minutes.
A. have begun B. have been on C. have had D. have been held
10.（2019湖北黄冈）---Where is Catherine? I haven't seen her for days.
---She Wuhan. She’ll be back next week.
A. has gone to B. has been to C. have gone to D. have been to
11.（2019湖南长沙）I ______ abroad for several years, but I have never regretted my final decision to move back to my motherland.
A．am living B．lived C．have lived
12.（2019四川眉山）---Linda has to Paris. How can I get in touch with her?
---Don’t worry. She will call you as soon as she there.
A. been；will get B. been；gets C. gone；will get D. gone；gets
13.（2019四川眉山）---Your new watch is so nice! When did you buy it?
--- In October. I it for two months.
A. had B. bought C. have had D. have bought
14.（2019福建）---Look! My mother _____ a new dress for me.
----Wow, it looks very nice on you.
A.is making B.has made C.will make
15.（2019呼和浩特）The shop in Wanda Square _____ for six years, but I _____ there so far.
A.has opened; haven’t gone B.has been open; haven’t been
C.has been open; haven’t gone D.has been opened; haven’t been
16.（2019湖南湘潭）---Have you ever _____ the Terracotta Army in Xi’an ?
----Yes. I went there last year.
A.gone to B.been to C.been in
17.（2019北京）Our school life a lot since 2017. We have more activities now.
A. changes B. changed C. will change D. has changed
18.（2019湖北宜昌）----What progress Huawei _____ in recent years!
----No wonder it is widely known in all parts of the world.
A.is making B.has made C. makes D. made
19.（2019贵州毕节）---How many letters you to your mother?
--- 109 in all, since 2016.
A. has, written B. have, written C. did, write D. are, writing
20.（2019湖南湘西）---_____ you ever ______ Hong Kong --Zhuhai ____Macao Bridge ?
A.Did; visit B.Are; visit C.Have , visited
21.（2019哈尔滨）---Hi, Tom! _____ you ever ____ the Bird’s Nest ?
----Yes, I have. It’s fantastic.
A.Have, been to B.Have, gone to C. Did, go to
22.（2019黑龙江齐齐哈尔）As an exchange student, Alan_____ Qiqihar for one and a half years.
A.has been to B.has been in C.has gone to
23（2019四川广元）---How long have you__________ your cap? It looks cool.
---About two weeks.
A. borrowed B. bought C. had
24.（2019贵阳）Today, all the erhu masters play and praise Erquan Yingyue. It ____ one of China’s national treasure.
A.becomes B.became C.has become
25（2019贵州黔西南）----How many letters _____ you _____ to your mother?
----109in all, since 2016
A.has, written B.have; written C.did; write D.are ; writing
1.（2019四川达州）China has been able to make big planes like C919 with scientists’ great effects.
______ China ______ able to make big planes like C919 with scientists’ great effects?
Avengers:Endgame for two months.
Have they to save wild animals yet?